Atyrau, one of the main ports of Kazakhstan. It is located at the mouth of the Ural and marks the boundary between Europe and Asia. There you can visit the Historical Museum, the Modern Art Gallery and of course, Akzhayik Nature Reserve, a paradise for bird lovers. If you want to do some sports, join a rafting trip or enjoy a hiking trail.
Bordering the Asian coast in Turkmenistan you will see the curious natural formation "Kara-Bogaz-Gol" or "Garabogazköl Aylagy", names that mean " Black-throated lake ". This is a depression separated of the Caspian sea by a narrow sandy strip which gets covered when sea levels rise, forming a gulf. At its southern end you will find Turkmenbashi, an important connection point between Asia and Europe not only marine but also by rail through the Trans-Caspian railway.
You can take advantage of the various ferries operating in the Caspian Sea, linking this city and neighboring Aktau with Baku in Azerbaijan, on the European shore. If you wish to continue on the road, you can take the one that will bring you to Balkanabat and from there you can go to Iran. There you will find ancient Greek Hircania, called today Gorgan. If you need a carpet, you'll be in the ideal place to buy one because theirs are famous for their craftsmanship. Nearby is the Golestan National Park, declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO and the Khar Turan National Park, home of the Asiatic cheetah, an endangered species. Driving along the coast you get to touristic Lahijan, situated on the slopes of the Alborz. From the top of the Hill of Satan (Sheitan Koh) you will have a view of the city, which combines the lush mountains with the immense calm of the Caspian.